1887

Abstract

SUMMARY

The survival of gonococci on various materials contaminated with gonococcal pus and stored at room temperature was studied. Gonococci were recovered for up to 3 days from a wide variety of hard and soft materials. It is possible that gonorrhoea is transmitted nonvenereally more often than is usually acknowledged, and these results may have medicolegal and social significance.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-13-4-593
1980-11-01
2022-01-19
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jmm/13/4/medmicro-13-4-593.html?itemId=/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-13-4-593&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Berger U., Doring M. T. 1969; Zur Resistenz der humanen Neisseria-Arten gegen Austrocknung. Arch. Hyg. Bakt 153:556
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bigger J. W. 1949 Handbook of bacteriology 6th ed Baillière, Tindall and Cox; London: p 290
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Catterall R. D. 1975 A short textbook of venereology 2nd ed English Universities Press; London: p 22
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Cruickshank R. (ed.) 1960 Mackie and McCartney’s Handbook of bacteriology 10th ed Livingstone; Edinburgh: p 508
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Cruickshank R., Duguid J. P., Marmion B. P., Swain R. H. A. 1975 Neisseria.Medical microbiology 12th ed Churchill Livingstone; Edinburgh: vol 2: p 400
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Doyle J. O. 1972; Accidental gonococcal infection of the eyes in children. Br. med. J 1:88
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Elmros T. 1977; Survival of Neisseria gonorrhoeae on surfaces. Acta Derm.-vener., Stockh 57:177
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Elmros T., Larsson P.-A. 1972; Survival of gonococci outside the body. Br. med. J 2:403
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Farzadegan H., Roth I. L. 1975; Scanning electron microscopy and freeze etching of gonorrhoeal urethral exudate. Br. J. verier. Dis 51:83
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Finger E., Ghon A., Schlagenhaufer F. 1894; Beitrage zur Biologie des Gonococcus und zur pathologischen Anatomie des gonorrhoischen Processes. Arch. Derm. Syph 28:3
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Gilbaugh J. H., Fuchs P. C. 1979; The gonococcus and the toilet seat. N. Engl. J. Med 301:91
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Grimble A. S. (ed.) 1969 McLachlan’s Handbook of diagnosis and treatment of venereal diseases 5th ed Livingstone; Edinburgh: p 128
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Jordan E. O., Burrows W. 1942 Textbook of bacteriology 13th ed revised. Saunders; Philadelphia: p 320
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Kellogg D. S., Peacock W. L., Deacon W. E., Brown L., Pirkle C. I. 1963; Neisseria gonorrhoeae. 1. Virulence genetically linked to clonal variation. J. Bact 85:1274
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Keogh A., Melville C. H., Leishman W., Pollock C. E., Harrison L. W. 1916 A manual of venereal diseases 2nd ed Henry Frowde, Hodder & Stoughton and Oxford University Press; London: p 230
    [Google Scholar]
  16. King A. J., Nicol C. 1975 Venereal diseases 3rd ed Bailliere Tindall; London: p 178
    [Google Scholar]
  17. McEntegart M. G. 1975; Fundamental research developments. In Recent advances in sexually transmitted diseases edited by Morton R. S., Harris J. R. W. Churchill Livinstone; Edinburgh: no 1: pp 54-68
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Marshall C. F. 1914 Syphilology and venereal diseases 3rd ed Bailliere, Tindall and Cox; London: p 380
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Morton R. S. 1977 Gonorrhoea. Saunders; London: p 31
  20. Neisser A., Scholtz W. 1903; Gonorrhoe. In Handbuch der Pathogenen Mikroor-ganismen 1st ed edited by Kolle W., Wassermann A. Gustav Fischer; Jena: vol 3: p 148
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Novotny P., Short J. A., Walker P. D. 1975; An electron microscope study of naturally occurring and cultured cells of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. J. med. Microbiol 8:413
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Ovcvinnikov N. M., Delektorskij V. V. 1977; Phagocytosis in the urethral discharge from patients with gonorrhoea. In Gonorrhoea: epidemiology and pathogenesis, FEMS symposium no. 2 edited by Skinner F. A., Walker P. D., Smith H. Academic Press; London: p 157
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Ovcvinnikov N. M., Delektorskij V. V., Dmitriev G. A. 1976; Ultrastructure of gonococci in acute, chronic and asymptomatic gonorrhoea. Br. J. vener.Dis 52:230
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Schofield C. B. S. 1974 Sexually transmitted diseases 2nd ed Churchill Livingstone; Edinburgh: p 153
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Shore W. B., Winkelstein J. A. 1971; Nonvenereal transmission of gonococcal infection to children. J. Pediat 79:661
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Stitt E. R., Clough P. W., Branham S. E. 1948 Practical bacteriology, hematology and parasitology 10th ed Lewis; London: p 48
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Thayer J. D., Martin J. E. 1966; Improved medium selective for cultivation of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Neisseria meningitidis. Publ. Hlth Rep 81:559
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Tulloch W. J. 1929; The gonococcus. In A system of bacteriology in relation to medicine edited by the Bacteriological Committee of the Medical Research Council. HMSO; London: vol 2: pp 239-269
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Veale D. R., Goldner M., Penn C. W., Ward J., Smith H. 1979; The intracellular survival and growth of gonococci in human phagocytes. J. gen. Microbiol 113:383
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Ward M. E., Glynn A. A., Watt P. J. 1972; The fate of gonococci in polymorphonuclear leucocytes: an electronmicroscopic study of the natural disease. Br. J. exp. Path 53:289
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Ward M. E., Watt P. J., Glynn A. A. 1970; Gonococci in urethral exudates possess a virulence factor lost on subculture. Nature, Lond 227:382
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Willcox R. R. 1964 Textbook of venereal diseases and treponematoses 2nd ed William Heinemann Medical Books; London: p 30
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-13-4-593
Loading
/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/00222615-13-4-593
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error