Strains of that are lysed by typing phages 94 or 96, or by both phages, are usually resistant to lysis by other basic-set typing phages. They are, however, sensitive to several experimental phages and show a number of different lytic patterns when tested against these phages. These differences in susceptibility are due, in part, to immunity imposed by temperate phages carried by the different strains. Resistance to lysis by other basic-set phages was not due to prophage immunity, but to at least one restriction and modification system in such strains. Restrictionless mutants were isolated from one strain in several experiments. These showed an increased sensitivity to many basic-set phages. However, all of these mutants retained the ability to modify the phages to the characteristic “94, 96” specificity.

Strains in the 94, 96 complex showed a remarkable homogeneity in biological traits. The majority were non-pigmented, and produced lipase, fibrinolysin, α and δ haemolysins and enterotoxin B. This homogeneity may well be a reflexion of the restriction and modification systems in these strains, that prevent the acquisition of genetic material from strains outside the complex. A new lytic group V is proposed for members of the 94, 96 complex.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error