Influenza A virus (IAV)-induced impairment of neutrophil function or survival may be a cause of bacterial superinfection of IAV-infected subjects. This study was performed to determine the mechanism through which the combination of IAV and co-operatively reduces neutrophil survival. Neutrophil binding of annexin-V and caspase-3 activation was significantly increased by either IAV or , supporting the concept that the micro-organisms accelerate neutrophil apoptosis. The anti-apoptotic agent granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) did not improve, but further reduced, survival of neutrophils treated with IAV and . As addition of resulted in greater neutrophil uptake of IAV and greater neutrophil respiratory burst responses to IAV, this study tested whether respiratory burst activation by IAV and contributes to reducing neutrophil survival. The cell-permeant NADPH oxidase inhibitor, diphenylene iodonium, significantly increased survival of neutrophils treated with either alone or the combination of IAV and . In contrast, catalase, which is not cell permeant, did not alter survival of - and IAV-treated neutrophils. Azide enhanced neutrophil hydrogen peroxide responses to IAV and , and reduced survival of these cells. These results indicate that co-operative induction of intracellular respiratory burst responses by IAV and mediates the reduced neutrophil survival caused by these pathogens .


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error