1887

Abstract

During the acute inflammatory response in periodontitis, gingival epithelial cells are considered to play important roles in the recruitment of inflammatory cells to the site of infection through the secretion of chemokines. However, little is known about the expression of molecules that are involved in the interaction between the epithelium and neutrophils following bacterial attachment. Earlier work reported that periodontopathogenic strain 1073 up-regulated the expression and secretion of chemokines such as interleukin-8 (IL-8) from KB cells (a human oral epithelial cell line derived from a human oral epidermoid carcinoma). To elucidate the mechanism of the transmigration of neutrophils through the epithelium, the present study investigated the expression of adhesion molecules on KB cells in response to attachment. Adhesion molecule gene expression was assessed by RT-PCR and adhesion proteins expressed on KB cell surfaces were determined by cell-based ELISA and FACS. In RT-PCR, ICAM-1 mRNA levels were significantly increased within 1 h in response to exposure to and continued to increase over the 12-h period of study. In ELISA, increased surface ICAM-1 expression was paralleled by increased ICAM-1 mRNA levels. Furthermore, the increases in ICAM-1 expression on epithelial cells infected with were observed to be due to the -acetyl--galactosamine (GalNAc) specific bacterial lectin-like substance of (EcLS), which was one of the adhesins of . This is the first study to report that a bacterial lectin-like substance increased the expression of ICAM-1 on gingival epithelial cells.

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2002-12-01
2019-11-12
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