1887

Abstract

Immunoglobulin (Ig) A and/or IgG reactivities to several Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) antigens have been used to facilitate diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). However, antibodies against gp78, an EBV membrane glycoprotein, have not been examined to this day. In this study, we utilized Luminex multi-analyte profiling (xMAP) technology to analyse antibody responses to a synthetic peptide of gp78 in sera samples from 95 NPC patients and 91 healthy controls. Our results showed the sensitivity and specificity of IgA-gp78 for NPC diagnosis were 79 and 71 %, respectively, while those of IgG-gp78 were 74 and 73 %, respectively. The IgA and IgG responses to different EBV antigens were not identical within an individual and IgA-gp78 and IgG-gp78 could be complementary to antibodies against viral capsid antigen (VCA), the diffused early antigen (EA-D) and the nuclear antigen EBNA1 for NPC diagnosis. When the six EBV parameters for NPC prediction, i.e. IgA-gp78, IgG-gp78, IgA-VCA, IgA-EBNA1, IgA-EA-D and IgG-EA-D, are combined, the combined predictors were able to reach overall sensitivity and specificity of 91 and 95 %, respectively. Thus, simultaneous detection of these EBV serological markers could improve the predictive values of NPC using xMAP technology.

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2008-05-01
2020-01-24
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Analysis of IgA-gp78 and IgG-gp78 xMAP FI values in NPC patients and healthy controls [PDF](31 KB)



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