1887

Abstract

While hepatocytes are the major site of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, a number of studies have suggested that HCV can replicate in lymphocytes. However, culture systems to investigate replication of HCV in lymphocytic cells are severely limited. Robust HCV culture systems have been established using the HCV JFH-1 strain and Huh-7 cells. To gain more insights into the tissue tropism of HCV, we investigated the infection, replication, internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-dependent translation and polyprotein processing of the HCV JFH-1 strain in nine lymphocytic cell lines. HCV JFH-1 failed to infect lymphocytes and replicate, but exhibited efficient polyprotein processing and IRES-dependent translation in lymphocytes as well as in Huh-7 cells. Our results suggest that lymphocytic cells can support HCV JFH-1 translation and polyprotein processing, but may lack some host factors essential for HCV JFH-1 infection and replication.

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2008-07-01
2019-11-19
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