1887

Abstract

Several plant virus mutants, in which genes encoding silencing suppressor proteins have been deleted, are known to induce systemic or localized RNA silencing against themselves and other RNA molecules containing homologous sequences. Thus, it is thought that many cases of cross-protection, in which infection with a mild or asymptomatic virus mutant protects plants against challenge infection with closely related virulent viruses, can be explained by RNA silencing. We found that a cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) mutant of the subgroup IA strain Fny (Fny-CMVΔ2b), which cannot express the 2b silencing suppressor protein, cross-protects tobacco () and plants against disease induction by wild-type Fny-CMV. However, protection is most effective only if inoculation with Fny-CMVΔ2b and challenge inoculation with wild-type CMV occurs on the same leaf. Unexpectedly, Fny-CMVΔ2b also protected plants against infection with TC-CMV, a subgroup II strain that is not closely related to Fny-CMV. Additionally, hybridization revealed that Fny-CMVΔ2b and Fny-CMV can co-exist in the same tissues but these tissues contain zones of Fny-CMVΔ2b-infected host cells from which Fny-CMV appears to be excluded. Taken together, it appears unlikely that cross-protection by Fny-CMVΔ2b occurs by induction of systemic RNA silencing against itself and homologous RNA sequences in wild-type CMV. It is more likely that protection occurs through either induction of very highly localized RNA silencing, or by competition between strains for host cells or resources.

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2007-10-01
2019-11-15
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vol. , part 10, pp. 2862 - 2871

Fny-CMVΔ2b does not induce symptoms on tobacco and protects against symptoms from its wild-type parental strain

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