1887

Abstract

Tomato leaf curl virus (TLCV) satellite DNA (sat-DNA) is a 682 nt, circular, single-stranded molecule that lacks an open reading frame (ORF) or an apparent promoter. It contains binding motifs for the TLCV replication-associated protein, but these are dispensable for replication. To identify the regions of the sat-DNA critical for replication, the entire sequence was scanned by deletion/replacement mutagenesis. Transient assays using revealed that sequences within nt 296–35 (through nt 682) are essential for replication. Sequence deletions and replacements between nt 35 and 296 were tolerated but with a significant loss of infectivity, indicating that genome size strongly influences replication efficiency. Within the permissible region, inserts of 100–700 nt were retained in transient assays although with a slight reduction in replication. In addition, sat-DNA constructs containing short non-viral DNAs replicated and spread in tobacco plants, indicating their potential as gene-delivery vectors.

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2007-07-01
2019-11-22
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