1887

Abstract

Mosquito midgut epithelial cells (MEC) play a major role in determining whether an arbovirus can successfully infect and be transmitted by mosquitoes. The Sindbis virus (SINV) strain TR339 efficiently infects MEC but the SINV strain TE/5′2J poorly infects MEC. SINV determinants for MEC infection have been localized to the E2 glycoprotein. The E2 amino acid sequences of TR339 and TE/5′2J differ at two sites, E2-55 and E2-70. We have altered the TE/5′2J virus genome by site-directed mutagenesis to contain two TR339 residues, E2-55 H→Q (histidine to glutamine) and E2-70 K→E (lysine to glutamic acid). We have characterized the growth patterns of derived viruses in cell culture and determined the midgut infection rate (MIR) in mosquitoes. Our results clearly show that the E2-55 H→Q and the E2-70 K→E mutations in the TE/5′2J virus increase MIR both independently and in combination. TE/5′2J virus containing both TR339 E2 residues had MIRs similar to the parental TR339 virus. In addition, SINV propagated in a mammalian cell line had a significantly lower midgut 50 % infectious dose than virus propagated in a mosquito cell line.

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2007-05-01
2019-11-21
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