1887

Abstract

In the present study, the transcription and protein expression of seven genes of infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) were investigated: UL31 and UL37 possess homologues in all known avian and mammalian herpesviruses, whereas UL46–UL49 and US4 are only conserved in most alphaherpesviruses. A peculiarity of the ILTV genome is the translocation of UL47 from the unique long region to a position upstream of US4 within the unique short region. Northern blot analyses revealed that all of the analysed genes were transcribed most abundantly during the late () phase of replication, but the only true late (2) gene was UL47. Using monospecific rabbit antisera, the protein products of all of the genes could be detected and localized in ILTV-infected cells. Considerable amounts of the UL31, UL47 and UL48 gene products were found in the cell nuclei, whereas the other proteins were restricted largely to the cytoplasm. Like the respective tegument proteins of other herpesviruses, the UL37 and UL46–UL49 gene products of ILTV were incorporated into virus particles, whereas the UL31 protein and the glycoprotein encoded by US4 (gG) were not detectable in purified virions. It was also demonstrated that the UL48 protein of ILTV is able to activate an alphaherpesvirus immediate-early gene promoter, which is also a typical feature of other UL48 homologues. Taken together, these results indicate that the functions of all of the investigated ILTV proteins are related to those of their homologues in other alphaherpesviruses.

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2007-03-01
2019-11-13
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