1887

Abstract

Circularization of the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) genome is thought to be an important early event during the lytic cycle. Previous studies from another laboratory using a cell line, tsBN2, that carries a temperature-sensitive mutation in the gene encoding the regulator of chromatin condensation 1 (RCC1) indicated that functional RCC1 was required for HSV-1 genome circularization and subsequent viral DNA synthesis. Here, HSV-1 infection of tsBN2 cells has been re-examined by utilizing both wild-type HSV-1 and a derivative that enables a direct demonstration of circularization. At the non-permissive temperature, when RCC1 was absent, both circularization and viral DNA synthesis were reduced, but not abolished. However, no infectious progeny virus was detected under these conditions. An impairment in the cleavage of concatemeric DNA and the failure to express at least one capsid protein indicated that HSV-1 replication is also blocked at a late stage in the absence of RCC1. This conclusion was supported by a temperature-upshift experiment, which demonstrated a role for RCC1 at times later than 6 h post-infection. Finally, a virus constitutively expressing -galactosidase produced the protein in a reduced number of cells when RCC1 was inactivated, suggesting that genome delivery to the nucleus or the initial stages of gene expression may also be affected.

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2007-02-01
2019-08-22
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