1887

Abstract

The respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) phosphoprotein (P) is a major polymerase co-factor that interacts with both the large polymerase fragment (L) and the nucleoprotein (N). The N-binding domain of RSV P has been investigated by co-expression of RSV P and N proteins in . Pull-down assays performed with a series of truncated forms of P fused to glutathione -transferase (GST) revealed that the region comprising the last nine C-terminal amino acid residues of P (233-DNDLSLEDF-241) is sufficient for efficient binding to N. Site-directed mutagenesis shows that the last four residues of this peptide are crucial for binding and must be present at the end of a flexible C-terminal tail. The presence of the P oligomerization domain (residues 100–160) was an important stabilizing factor for the interaction. The tetrameric full-length P fused to GST was able to pull down both helical and ring structures, whereas a monomeric C-terminal fragment of P (residues 161–241) fused to GST pulled down exclusively RNA–N rings. Electron-microscopy analysis of the purified rings showed the presence of two types of complex: undecamers (11N) and decamers (10N). Mass-spectrometry analysis of the RNA extracted from rings after RNase A treatment showed two peaks of 22 900 and 24 820 Da, corresponding to a mean RNA length of 67 and 73 bases, respectively. These results suggest strongly that each N subunit contacts 6 nt, with an extra three or four bases further protected from nuclease digestion by the ring structure at both the 5′ and 3′ ends.

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2007-01-01
2019-10-13
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