1887

Abstract

Prion diseases are associated with the conversion of the normal cellular prion protein, PrP, to the abnormal, disease-associated form, PrP. This conversion can be mimicked by using a cell-free conversion assay. It has recently been shown that this assay can be modified to use bacterial recombinant PrP as substrate and mimic the transmission characteristics of rodent scrapie. Here, it is demonstrated that the assay replicates the ovine polymorphism barriers of scrapie transmission. In addition, the recently identified ovine PrP variant ARLQ, which is associated with resistance of sheep to experimental BSE, modulates the cell-free conversion of ovine recombinant PrP to PrP by three different types of PrP, reducing conversion efficiencies to levels similar to those of the ovine resistance-associated ARR variant. Also, the equivalent variant in mice (L) is resistant to conversion by 87V scrapie. Together, these results suggest a significant role for this position and/or amino acid in conversion.

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2006-12-01
2019-11-14
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