1887

Abstract

The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) genes UL128, UL130 and UL131A are essential for endothelial cell infection. Complementation of the defective UL131A gene of the non-endotheliotropic HCMV strain AD169 with wild-type UL131A in an ectopic position restored endothelial cell tropism. The UL131A protein was found in virions in a complex with gH. Coinfection of fibroblasts with UL131A-negative and -positive viruses restored the endothelial cell tropism of UL131A-negative virions by complementing the virions with UL131A protein. Virus entry into endothelial cells, but not into fibroblasts, was blocked by an antipeptide antiserum to pUL131A. AD169, -complemented with wild-type UL131A, showed an impaired release of infectious particles from fibroblasts. A comparable defect in virus release was observed when UL131A was expressed ectopically in a virus background already expressing an intact copy of UL131A. In contrast, virus release from infected endothelial cells was not affected by UL131A. These data suggest a dual role for pUL131A in virus entry and virus exit from infected cells.

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2006-09-01
2019-12-13
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