1887

Abstract

Extracellular proteases that are expressed in primary and secondary foci of viral infection are potentially important mediators of infectious inflammatory processes. For some viruses, such as influenza virus and rotaviruses, proteases such as trypsin enhance infectivity by a direct proteolytic effect on some virion proteins. By using an model of herpesvirus infection, the possibility that proteases modulate the viral cycle through signalling delivered to the infected cell was investigated. It is reported that exposure of pseudorabies virus-infected cells to trypsin increased virus production. Moreover, this treatment induced synergistic and sustained activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 signalling pathway, which appeared to be necessary for this increased viral production. These results suggest that herpesviruses could take advantage of the inflammatory context and particularly of the presence of proteases to increase their replication. Thus, these data point to a potentially important role of extracellular proteases in herpesvirus infection.

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2006-05-01
2019-10-13
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