1887

Abstract

Phylogeographical partitioning of Sin Nombre and Monongahela viruses (hantaviruses) may reflect that of their primary rodent host, the deer mouse (). Lack of a comprehensive assessment of phylogeographical variation of the host has precluded the possibility of predicting spatial limits of existing strains of these viruses or geographical regions where novel viral strains might emerge. The complete cytochrome gene was sequenced for 206 deer mice collected from sites throughout North America to provide a foundation for future studies of spatial structure and evolution of this ubiquitous host. Bayesian analyses of these sequences partitioned deer mice into six largely allopatric lineages, some of which may represent unrecognized species. The geographical distributions of these lineages were probably shaped by Quaternary climatic events. Populations of mice were apparently restricted to refugia during glacial advances, where they experienced genetic divergence. Expansion of these populations, following climatic amelioration, brought genetically distinctive forms into contact. Occurrence of parallel changes in virus strains can now be explored in appropriate regions. In New Mexico, for example, near the location where was first discovered, there are three genetically distinctive lineages of deer mice whose geographical ranges need to be delineated precisely. The phylogeography of provides a framework for interpreting geographical variability, not only in hosts, but also in associated viral variants and disease transmission, and an opportunity to predict the potential geographical distribution of newly emerging viral strains.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/vir.0.81576-0
2006-07-01
2019-12-06
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jgv/87/7/1997.html?itemId=/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/vir.0.81576-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Asikainen, K., Hänninen, T., Henttonen, H. & 7 other authors ( 2000; ). Molecular evolution of Puumala hantavirus in Fennoscandia: phylogenetic analysis of strains from two recolonization routes, Karelia and Denmark. J Gen Virol 81, 2833–2841.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Avise, J. C. ( 2000; ). Phylogeography: the History and Formation of Species. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  3. Avise, J. C., Shapira, J. F., Daniel, S. W., Aquadro, C. F. & Lansman, R. A. ( 1983; ). Mitochondrial DNA differentiation during the speciation process in Peromyscus. Mol Biol Evol 1, 38–56.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Blair, W. F. ( 1950; ). Ecological factors in speciation of Peromyscus. Evolution 4, 253–275.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bowers, J. H., Baker, R. J. & Smith, M. H. ( 1973; ). Chromosomal, electrophoretic, and breeding studies of selected populations of deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) and black-eared mice (P. melanotis). Evolution 27, 378–386.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Brant, S. V. & Ortí, G. ( 2003; ). Phylogeography of the Northern short-tailed shrew, Blarina brevicauda (Insectivora: Soricidae): past fragmentation and postglacial recolonization. Mol Ecol 12, 1435–1449.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Carleton, M. D. ( 1989; ). Systematics and evolution. In Advances in the Study of Peromyscus (Rodentia), pp. 7–141. Edited by G. L. Kirkland, Jr & J. N. Layne. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press.
  8. CDC ( 2005a; ). Case information: hantavirus pulmonary syndrome case count and descriptive statistics. http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/hanta/hps/noframes/caseinfo.htm
  9. CDC ( 2005b; ). Epidemiology of HPS slideset. Slide 8: location of HPS cases by virus type. http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/hanta/hps/noframes/epislides/episl8.htm
  10. Childs, J. E., Ksiazek, T. G., Spiropoulou, C. F. & 10 other authors ( 1994; ). Serologic and genetic identification of Peromyscus maniculatus as the primary rodent reservoir for a new hantavirus in the southwestern United States. J Infect Dis 169, 1271–1280.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Drebot, M. A., Gavrilovskaya, I., Mackow, E. R., Chen, X., Lindsay, R., Sanchez, A. J., Nichol, S. T. & Artsob, H. ( 2001; ). Genetic and serotypic characterization of Sin Nombre-like viruses in Canadian Peromyscus maniculatus mice. Virus Res 75, 75–86.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Fu, Y.-X. ( 1997; ). Statistical tests of neutrality of mutations against population growth, hitchhiking and background selection. Genetics 147, 915–925.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Greenbaum, I. F., Baker, R. J. & Ramsey, P. R. ( 1978; ). Chromosomal evolution and the mode of speciation in three species of Peromyscus. Evolution 32, 646–654.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Hall, E. R. ( 1981; ). The Mammals of North America, 2nd edn. New York: Wiley & Sons.
  15. Hayes, J. P. & Harrison, R. G. ( 1992; ). Variation in mitochondrial DNA and biogeographic history of woodrats (Neotoma) of the eastern United States. Syst Biol 41, 331–344.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Hjelle, B., Anderson, B., Torrez-Martinez, N., Song, W., Gannon, W. L. & Yates, T. L. ( 1995; ). Prevalence and geographic genetic variation of hantaviruses of New World harvest mice (Reithrodontomys): identification of a divergent genotype from a Costa Rican Reithrodontomys mexicanus. Virology 207, 452–459.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Hjelle, B., Torrez-Martinez, N. & Koster, F. T. ( 1996; ). Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome-related virus from Bolivia. Lancet 347, 57.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Hogan, K. M., Hedin, M. C., Koh, H. S., Davis, S. K. & Greenbaum, I. F. ( 1993; ). Systematic and taxonomic implications of karyotypic, electrophoretic, and mitochondrial-DNA variation in Peromyscus from the Pacific Northwest. J Mammal 74, 819–831.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Hogan, K. M., Davis, S. K. & Greenbaum, I. F. ( 1997; ). Mitochondrial-DNA analysis of the systematic relationships within the Peromyscus maniculatus species group. J Mammal 78, 733–743.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Holmes, E. C. ( 2004; ). The phylogeography of human viruses. Mol Ecol 13, 745–756.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Hooper, E. T. ( 1968; ). Classification. In Biology of Peromyscus (Rodentia) (Special Publication No. 2 of the American Society of Mammalogists), pp. 27–74. Edited by J. A. King. Stillwater, OK: American Society of Mammalogists.
  22. Huelsenbeck, J. P. & Ronquist, F. ( 2001; ). mrbayes: Bayesian inference of phylogenetic trees. Bioinformatics 17, 754–755.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Irwin, D. M., Kocher, T. D. & Wilson, A. C. ( 1991; ). Evolution of the cytochrome b gene of mammals. J Mol Evol 32, 128–144.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Jentes, E. S. & Mills, J. N. ( 2003; ). Hantaviruses - an update, with emphasis on the genus Peromyscus. Peromyscus Newsl 36, 23–27.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Klempa, B., Schmidt, H. A., Ulrich, R., Kaluz, S., Labuda, M., Meisel, H., Hjelle, B. & Krüger, D. H. ( 2003; ). Genetic interaction between distinct Dobrava hantavirus subtypes in Apodemus agrarius and A. flavicollis in nature. J Virol 77, 804–809.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Lansman, R. A., Avise, J. C., Aquadro, C. F., Shapira, J. F. & Daniel, S. W. ( 1983; ). Extensive genetic variation in mitochondrial DNAs among geographic populations of the deer mouse, Peromyscus maniculatus. Evolution 37, 1–16.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Le Conte, J. ( 1853; ). Descriptions of three new species of American Arvicolae, with remarks upon some other American rodents. Proc Acad Nat Sci Philadelphia 6, 404–415.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Lessa, E. P., Cook, J. A. & Patton, J. L. ( 2003; ). Genetic footprints of demographic expansion in North America, but not Amazonia, during the Late Quaternary. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100, 10331–10334.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Lucid, M. K. & Cook, J. A. ( 2004; ). Phylogeography of Keen's mouse (Peromyscus keeni) in a naturally fragmented landscape. J Mammal 85, 1149–1159.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Monroe, M. C., Morzunov, S. P., Johnson, A. M. & 7 other authors ( 1999; ). Genetic diversity and distribution of Peromyscus-borne hantaviruses in North America. Emerg Infect Dis 5, 75–86.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Morzunov, S. P., Rowe, J. E., Ksiazek, T. G., Peters, C. J., St Jeor, S. C. & Nichol, S. T. ( 1998; ). Genetic analysis of the diversity and origin of hantaviruses in Peromyscus leucopus mice in North America. J Virol 72, 57–64.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Musser, G. G. & Carleton, M. D. ( 2005; ). Superfamily Muroidea. In Mammal Species of the World: a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd edn, pp. 894–1531. Edited by D. E. Wilson & D. M. Reeder. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  33. Nichol, S. T., Spiropoulou, C. F., Morzunov, S. & 7 other authors ( 1993; ). Genetic identification of a hantavirus associated with an outbreak of acute respiratory illness. Science 262, 914–917.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Nylander, J. A. A. ( 2004; ). MrModeltest, v. 2. Program distributed by the author. Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University.
  35. Osgood, W. H. ( 1904; ). Thirty new mice of the genus Peromyscus from Mexico and Guatemala. Proc Biol Soc Wash 17, 55–77.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Plyusnin, A. ( 2002; ). Genetics of hantaviruses: implications to taxonomy. Arch Virol 147, 665–682.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Plyusnin, A. & Morzunov, S. P. ( 2001; ). Virus evolution and genetic diversity of hantaviruses and their rodent hosts. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 256, 47–75.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Rosa, E. S. T., Mills, J. N., Padula, P. J. & 9 other authors ( 2005; ). Newly recognized hantaviruses associated with hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in northern Brazil: partial genetic characterization of viruses and serologic implication of likely reservoirs. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 5, 11–19.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Rozas, J., Sánchez-DelBarrio, J. C., Messeguer, X. & Rozas, R. ( 2003; ). DnaSP, DNA polymorphism analyses by the coalescent and other methods. Bioinformatics 19, 2496–2497.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Runck, A. M. & Cook, J. A. ( 2005; ). Postglacial expansion of the southern red-backed vole (Clethrionomys gapperi) in North America. Mol Ecol 14, 1445–1456.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Salazar-Bravo, J., Dragoo, J. W., Bowen, M. D., Peters, C. J., Ksiazek, T. G. & Yates, T. L. ( 2002; ). Natural nidality in Bolivian hemorrhagic fever and the systematics of the reservoir species. Infect Genet Evol 1, 191–199.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Schmaljohn, A. L., Li, D., Negley, D. L., Bressler, D. S., Turell, M. J., Korch, G. W., Ascher, M. S. & Schmaljohn, C. S. ( 1995; ). Isolation and initial characterization of a newfound hantavirus from California. Virology 206, 963–972.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Schneider, S., Roessli, D. & Excoffier, L. ( 2000; ). arlequin: a software for population genetics data analysis, v. 2.000. Genetics and Biometry Laboratory, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
  44. Song, J. W., Baek, L. J., Nagle, J. W., Schlitter, D. & Yanagihara, R. ( 1996; ). Genetic and phylogenetic analyses of hantaviral sequences amplified from archival tissues of deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus nubiterrae) captured in the eastern United States. Arch Virol 141, 959–967.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Swofford, D. L. ( 2002; ). paup*: phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (and other methods). Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.
  46. Tajima, F. ( 1989; ). Statistical method for testing the neutral mutation hypothesis by DNA polymorphism. Genetics 123, 585–595.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Vapalahti, O., Lundkvist, A., Fedorov, V. & 11 other authors ( 1999; ). Isolation and characterization of a hantavirus from Lemmus sibiricus: evidence for host switching during hantavirus evolution. J Virol 73, 5586–5592.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Yates, T. L., Mills, J. N., Parmenter, C. A. & 13 other authors ( 2002; ). The ecology and evolutionary history of an emergent disease: hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Bioscience 52, 989–998.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/vir.0.81576-0
Loading
/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/vir.0.81576-0
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Supplements

Specimens of examined [ PDF] (56 KB)

PDF

Nexus file used to generate Fig. 1 of the paper [ perosGTRcontree.nex] (8 KB)

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error