1887

Abstract

Recently, glycoprotein G (gG) of several alphaherpesviruses infecting large herbivores was shown to belong to a new family of chemokine-binding proteins (vCKBPs). In the present study, the function of (FeHV-1) gG as a vCKBP was investigated and the following conclusions were reached: (i) FeHV-1 secreted gG is a high-affinity broad-spectrum vCKBP that binds CC, CXC and C chemokines; (ii) gG is the only vCKBP expressed by FeHV-1 that binds CCL3 and CXCL1; (iii) secreted gG blocks chemokine activity by preventing their interaction with high-affinity cellular receptors; (iv) the membrane-anchored form of gG expressed on the surface of infected cells is also able to bind chemokines; and (v) the vCKBP activity is conserved among different field isolates of FeHV-1. Altogether, these data demonstrate that FeHV-1 gG is a new member of the vCKBP-4 family. Moreover, this study is the first to demonstrate that gG expressed at the surface of FeHV-1-infected cells can also bind chemokines.

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2005-12-01
2021-03-08
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