1887

Abstract

For the non-segmented, negative-stranded RNA viruses, the mechanism controlling transcription or replication is still a matter of debate. To gain information about this mechanism and about the nature of the RNA polymerase involved, the length of an intervening sequence separating the 3′ end of Sendai virus minigenomes and a downstream transcription-initiation signal was increased progressively. It was found that transcription, as measured by green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression, decreased progressively in proportion to the increase in length of the intervening sequence. GFP expression correlated well with the levels of GFP mRNA in the cells, as measured by quantitative primer extension and by RNase protection. Thus, mRNA transcription was inversely proportional to the length of the inserted sequence. These data are evidence that the RNA polymerase initiating transcription at the downstream transcription signal somehow sees the distance separating this signal and the template 3′ extremity. Implication of this observation for the nature of the Sendai virus RNA polymerase and for the mechanism by which it synthesizes mRNAs or replication products is presented.

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2006-03-01
2019-11-20
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