1887

Abstract

The nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) ORF8 protein has previously been reported to colocalize with IE1 to specific nuclear sites during infection. Transient expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fused ORF8 showed the protein to have cytoplasmic localization, but following BmNPV infection the protein formed foci, suggesting that ORF8 requires some other viral factor(s) for this. Therefore, interacting factors were looked for using the yeast two-hybrid system and IE1 was identified. We mapped the interacting region of ORF8 using a yeast two-hybrid assay. An N-terminal region (residues 1–110) containing a predicted coiled-coil domain interacted with IE1, while a truncated N-terminal region (residues 1–78) that lacks this domain did not. In addition, a protein with a complete deletion of the N-terminal region failed to interact with IE1. These results suggest that the ORF8 N-terminal region containing the coiled-coil domain is required for the interaction with IE1. Next, whether IE1 plays a role in ORF8 localization was investigated. In the presence of IE1, GFP-ORF8 localized to the nucleus. In addition, cotransfection with a plasmid expressing IE1 and a plasmid containing the element resulted in nuclear foci formation. A GFP-fused ORF8 mutant protein containing the coiled-coil domain, previously shown to interact with IE1, also formed nuclear foci in the presence of IE1 and . However, ORF8 mutant proteins that did not interact with IE1 failed to form nuclear foci. In contrast to wild-type IE1, focus formation was not observed for an IE1 mutant protein that was deficient in binding. These results suggest that IE1 and facilitate the localization of BmNPV ORF8 to specific nuclear sites.

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2005-11-01
2019-10-15
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