1887

Abstract

(PMTV) RNA3 contains a triple gene block (TGB) encoding viral movement proteins and an open reading frame for a putative 8 kDa cysteine-rich protein (CRP). In this study, PMTV CRP was shown to be expressed in the course of virus infection, and a PMTV CRP-specific subgenomic RNA was mapped. CRP has previously been shown to be dispensable for infection of PMTV in . In this study, PMTV CRP was found to increase the severity of disease symptoms when expressed from or in and , suggesting that the protein affects virulence of the virus or might suppress a host defence mechanism. However, PMTV CRP did not show RNA silencing suppression activity in three assays. Host responses to the PMTV CRP expression from different viral genomes ranged from an absence of response to extreme resistance at a single cell level and were dependent on the viral genome. These findings emphasized involvement of viral proteins and/or virus-induced cell components in the plant reaction to CRP. PMTV CRP was predicted to possess a transmembrane segment. CRP fused to the green fluorescent protein was associated with endoplasmic reticulum-derived membranes and induced dramatic rearrangements of the endoplasmic reticulum structure, which might account for protein functions as a virulence factor of the virus.

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2005-10-01
2020-01-18
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