1887

Abstract

Transport of the viral genome into the nucleus is an obligatory step in the replication cycle of plant pararetro- and geminiviruses. In both these virus types, the multifunctional coat protein (CP) is thought to be involved in this process. Here, a green fluorescent protein tagging approach was used to demonstrate nuclear import of the CPs of (RTBV) and - (MYMV) in protoplasts. In both cases, at least two nuclear localization signals (NLSs) were identified and characterized. The NLSs of RTBV CP are located within both N- and C-terminal regions (residues 479KRPK/497KRK and 744KRK/758RRK), and those of MYMV CP within the N-terminal part (residues 3KR and 41KRRR). The MYMV and RTBV CP NLSs resemble classic mono- and bipartite NLSs, respectively. However, the N-terminal MYMV CP NLS and both RTBV CP NLSs show peculiarities in the number and position of basic residues. pull-down assays revealed interaction of RTBV and MYMV CPs with the nuclear import factor importin , suggesting that both CPs are imported into the nucleus via an importin -dependent pathway. The possibility that this pathway could serve for docking of virions to the nucleus is discussed.

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2005-06-01
2019-12-12
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