1887

Abstract

Phylogenetic relationships within the subfamily of the family were investigated for three species in the genus (or 1 group) and nine in the genus (or 2 group). Alignments of amino acid sequences from up to 28 genes were used to derive trees by maximum-likelihood and Bayesian Monte Carlo Markov chain methods. Two problem areas were identified involving an unresolvable multifurcation for a clade within the 2 group, and a high divergence for (MHV4). A robust final tree was obtained, which was valid for genes from across the virus genomes and was rooted by reference to previous analyses of the whole family . This tree comprised four major lineages: the 1 group of primate viruses; a clade of artiodactyl 2 viruses; a clade of perissodactyl 2 viruses; and a clade of 2 viruses with a multifurcation at its base and containing Old World and New World primate viruses, and MHV4. Developing previous work it was proposed, on the basis of similarities between the gammaherpesvirus tree and the tree of corresponding mammalian hosts, that the first three of these major viral lineages arose in a coevolutionary manner with host lineages, while the fourth had its origin in an ancient interspecies transfer. Transfer of dates from mammalian palaeontology then allowed estimation of dates for nodes in the gammaherpesvirus tree.

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2005-02-01
2019-11-12
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