1887

Abstract

Although hepatic injury is reported in cases with dengue haemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome, its mechanism remains poorly understood. Several findings suggest that dengue virus (DEN) induces apoptosis of hepatocytes . In this work, DEN type 2 (DEN-2) strain NGC was shown to induce apoptosis in the hepatic cell line HepG2, and infection of HepG2 cells was found to induce Apo2 ligand (Apo2L, also known as tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand or TRAIL) expression. Furthermore, Apo2L/TRAIL induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells, which expressed the Apo2L/TRAIL receptor DR5/TRAIL-R2 on their surface. Analysis of the Apo2L/TRAIL promoter revealed that this gene was activated by DEN-2 infection, whose responsive element was overlapping NF-B- and Sp1-binding sites located at nt −75 to −65. The proteasome inhibitor -acetyl--leucinyl--leucinyl--norleucinal (LLnL) inhibited Apo2L/TRAIL mRNA expression, and LLnL and anti-Apo2L/TRAIL antibody inhibited DEN-2-induced apoptosis. It was proposed that DEN infection promotes apoptosis partly through the induction of Apo2L/TRAIL expression.

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2005-04-01
2019-11-20
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