1887

Abstract

As the biochemical detection of bovine papillomavirus type 4 E5 is problematic, a fusion form of E5 and the green fluorescent protein (GFP–E5) was constructed and its characteristics were examined. GFP–E5 was detected in cells by autofluorescence and immunoblotting. Like wild-type (wt) E5, GFP–E5 localized in the endomembranes and permitted anchorage-independent (AI) growth. However, unlike wt E5, cells expressing GFP–E5 became quiescent in low serum and failed to sustain expression of cyclins D1 and to inactivate retinoblastoma protein (pRb). The normal anchorage requirement for cyclin D1 and cyclin A expression was abolished in cells expressing wt E5 or GFP–E5, residual extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK 1/2) activity was not required to sustain cyclin D1 and cyclin A expression in suspension and deregulation of cyclin A–cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) activity was sufficient to account for AI growth of cells expressing E5. Constitutive upregulation of the CDK inhibitor p27, characteristic of cells expressing wt E5, was not observed in those expressing GFP–E5; therefore, p27 deregulation is not required for E5-mediated AI growth.

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2004-12-01
2019-11-18
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