1887

Abstract

We have investigated the role of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 2 during human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) replication and found that protein levels of STAT2 are downregulated. STAT2 downregulation was observed in HCMV clinical isolates and laboratory strains with the exception of strain Towne. The HCMV-induced loss of STAT2 protein occurred despite an increased accumulation of mRNA; it required HCMV early gene expression. The decrease in STAT2 was sensitive to proteasome inhibition, suggesting degradation of STAT2 via the ubiquitin proteasome pathway. Notably, pUL27, the HCMV homologue of the mouse CMV pM27 protein, which mediates the selective proteolysis of STAT2, did not induce STAT2 downregulation. Moreover, preceding STAT2 degradation, alpha/beta interferon (IFN)-receptor-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT2 was inhibited in HCMV-infected cells. This effect was paralleled by impaired tyrosine activation of STAT1 and STAT3. Accordingly, IFNs affected the replication efficiency of STAT2 degrading and non-degrading HCMV strains to a similar degree. In summary, HCMV abrogates IFN receptor signalling at multiple checkpoints by independent mechanisms including -independent degradation of STAT2 and a preceding blockade of STAT2 phosphorylation.

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2008-10-01
2019-10-14
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