1887

Abstract

The middle surface antigen (M-sAg) of hepadnaviruses is one of three envelope proteins that share a common C-terminal S domain. M-sAg contains the preS2 domain in addition to the S region. The preS2 region of woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV) contains a potential glycosylation site Asn-Gln-Thr at amino acid (aa) positions 3–5. In this study, we mutated this site by site-directed mutagenesis and confirmed that glycosylation occurs here. In translation assays, the mutation Thr to Asn at aa 5 significantly impaired glycosylation of M-sAg. The mutated M-sAg formed abnormal clustered structures in transfected cells as determined by immunofluorescent staining. Confocal microscopic analysis showed that an enrichment of this glycosylation-deficient protein in the Golgi apparatus occurred, which is not typical for the wild-type protein. These results are consistent with earlier findings that incorrect glycosylation of viral proteins may interfere with virus assembly.

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2004-04-01
2019-11-12
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