1887

Abstract

The ability of murine pneumotropic virus (MPtV) major capsid protein VP1 to form virus-like particles (VLPs) was examined. MPtV-VLPs obtained were used to estimate the potential of MPtV to attach to different cells and to assess some characteristics of the MPtV cell receptor. Furthermore, to evaluate if MPtV-VLPs could potentially complement murine polyomavirus (MPyV) VP1 VLPs (MPyV-VLPs) as vectors for prime–boost gene therapy, the capability of MPtV-VLPs to serologically cross react with MPyV-VLPs and to transduce DNA into cells was examined. MPtV VP1 obtained in a recombinant baculovirus system formed MPtV-VLPs readily. MPtV-VLPs were shown by FACS analysis to bind to different cells, independent of MHC class I antigen expression. In addition, MPtV-VLPs did not cause haemagglutination of red blood cells and MPtV-VLP binding to cells was neuraminidase resistant but mostly trypsin and papain sensitive, indicating that the MPtV receptor lacks sialic acid components. When tested by ELISA and neutralization assays, MPtV-VLPs did not serologically cross react with MPyV-VLPs, suggesting that MPtV-VLPs and MPyV-VLPs could potentially be interchanged as carriers of DNA in repeated gene therapy. Finally, MPtV-VLPs were shown to transduce foreign DNA and . In conclusion, the data suggest that MPtV-VLPs, and possibly also MPtV, bind to several different cell types, that binding is neuraminidase resistant and that MPtV-VLPs should potentially be able to complement MPyV-VLPs for prime–boost gene transfer .

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2003-12-01
2019-10-21
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