1887

Abstract

The cellular receptor complex of coxsackievirus A21 (CVA21), a C-cluster human enterovirus, is formed by the subtle interaction of individual cellular receptors, decay accelerating factor (DAF) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). In this receptor complex, DAF functions in the membrane sequestration of the virus, while the role of ICAM-1 is as the functional cellular internalization receptor. However, despite the elucidation of the CVA21–cell receptor interactions, there have been few definite investigations into cellular receptor usage of other coxsackie A viruses (CVAs) belonging to the C-cluster. In the present study, radiolabelled virus-binding assays demonstrated that CVA13, -15, -18 and -20, a subset of the human enterovirus C-cluster, bind directly to surface-expressed ICAM-1, but not to surface-expressed DAF. Furthermore, lytic infection of ICAM-1-expressing rhabdomyosarcoma (RD) cells by this C-cluster subset of viruses was inhibited by specific ICAM-1 monoclonal antibody blockade, except for that of CVA20. Despite possessing ICAM-1-binding capabilities, CVA20 employed an as yet unidentified internalization receptor for cell entry and subsequent productive lytic infection of ICAM-1-negative RD cells. In a further example of C-cluster cellular receptor heterogeneity, CVA13 exhibited significant binding to the surface of CHO cells expressing neither DAF nor ICAM-1. Despite a common receptor usage of ICAM-1 by this subset of C-cluster CVAs, the amino acid residues postulated to represent the ICAM-1-receptor footprint were not conserved.

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2003-11-01
2020-07-02
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