1887

Abstract

The complete nucleotide (nt) sequences of genomic RNAs 1 and 2 of (CYSDV) were determined for the Spanish isolate CYSDV-AlLM. RNA1 is 9123 nt long and contains at least five open reading frames (ORFs). Computer-assisted analyses identified papain-like protease, methyltransferase, RNA helicase and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase domains in the first two ORFs of RNA1. This is the first study on the sequences of RNA1 from CYSDV. RNA2 is 7976 nt long and contains the hallmark gene array of the family , characterized by ORFs encoding a heat shock protein 70 homologue, a 59 kDa protein, the major coat protein and a divergent copy of the coat protein. This genome organization resembles that of (SPCSV), Cucumber yellows virus (CuYV) and (LIYV), the other three criniviruses sequenced completely to date. However, several differences were observed. The most striking novel features of CYSDV compared to SPCSV, CuYV and LIYV are a unique gene arrangement in the 3′-terminal region of RNA1, the identification in this region of an ORF potentially encoding a protein which has no homologues in any databases, and the prediction of an unusually long 5′ non-coding region in RNA2. Additionally, the CYSDV genome resembles that of SPCSV in having very similar 3′ regions in RNAs 1 and 2, although for CYSDV similarity in primary structures did not result in predictions of equivalent secondary structures. Overall, these data reinforce the view that the genus contains considerable genetic variation. Additionally, several subgenomic RNAs (sgRNAs) were detected in CYSDV-infected plants, suggesting that generation of sgRNAs is a strategy used by CYSDV for the expression of internal ORFs.

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2003-09-01
2019-10-22
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