1887

Abstract

Glycoprotein D (gD) of herpes simplex virus type 1 is a type 1 membrane protein in the virus envelope that binds to receptor molecules on the cell surface and which induces cell–cell fusion when co-expressed with gB, gH and gL. A chimeric gD molecule in which the membrane anchor and cytoplasmic tail domains were replaced with analogous regions from the human CD8 molecule was as competent as wild-type gD at mediating membrane fusion and virus entry. However, when gD was tethered to the membrane by means of a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (gpi)-anchor sequence, which binds only to the outer leaflet of the lipid bilayer, it was unable to function in cell–cell fusion assays. This chimera was incorporated into virions as efficiently as wild-type gD and yet virus particles containing gpi-linked gD entered cells more slowly than virions containing wild-type gD in their envelopes, suggesting that gD must be anchored in both leaflets of a lipid bilayer for it to function in both cell fusion and virus entry.

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2003-05-01
2019-12-05
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