1887

Abstract

Human T-cell leukaemia virus type 1 (HTLV-I), the aetiological agent of adult T-cell leukaemia (ATL) and tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP/HAM), transforms human T-cells and . The Tax protein of HTLV-I is essential for cellular transformation as well as viral and cellular gene transactivation. The interaction of Tax with cellular proteins is critical for these functions. We previously isolated and characterized a novel Tax-binding protein, TRX (TAX1BP2), by screening a Jurkat T-cell cDNA library. In the present study, we present evidence that the tumour suppressor p53 targets the TRX protein for proteasome degradation. Pulse–chase experiments revealed that p53 enhanced the degradation of TRX protein and reduced the half-life from 2·0 to 0·25 h. p53 mutants R248W and R273H enhance TRX degradation suggesting a transcriptionally independent mechanism. Both HTLV-I Tax and the proteasome-specific inhibitor MG132 inhibited p53-mediated TRX protein degradation. These results suggest that TRX degradation is mediated through activation of the proteasome protein degradation pathway independent of transcriptional function of p53. Our results provide the first experimental evidence that Tax inhibits transciption-dependent and independent functions of p53.

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2003-04-01
2020-10-19
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