1887

Abstract

Herpesviruses often contain cryptic, spliced genes that are not obvious from the initial annotation. Alcelaphine herpesvirus 1 (AlHV-1) contains 72 annotated ORFs but there are also a number of gaps between these that may have protein-coding potential. Comparative analysis of coding potential between AlHV-1 and the related ovine herpesvirus 2 (OvHV-2) revealed a putative novel spliced gene that we have termed . Analysis of cDNA clones from AlHV-1-infected cells revealed three overlapping clones corresponding to and the coding sequence was confirmed by reverse transcription PCR of RNA from AlHV-1-infected cattle tissues. The gene was predicted to encode a secreted glycoprotein with molecular mass 19 kDa. Empirical analysis showed that a recombinant haemagglutinin-tagged A9.5 fusion protein was secreted from transfected cells and had a molecular mass of 45 kDa, which was reduced to 20 kDa by endoglycosidase F treatment, confirming that A9.5 was a secreted glycoprotein. RNA hybridization showed that was expressed in cells associated with malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) lesions in infected cattle. Detailed analysis of the available OvHV-2 sequences revealed an homologous gene () with conserved splicing signals and predicted amino acid sequence features in both sequenced isolates of this related virus. We have therefore identified a novel spliced gene in two related macaviruses that is expressed in MCF lesions. Future work will determine its importance for the pathogenesis of disease.

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2013-11-01
2019-10-21
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