1887

Abstract

A detailed analysis of the Ns1/Vp1Vp2 genome region of the porcine parvovirus (PPV) strains isolated from vaccinated animals was performed. We found many inconsistencies in the phylogenetic trees of these viral isolates, such as low statistical support and strains with long branches in the phylogenetic trees. Thus, we used distance-based and phylogenetic methods to distinguish recombinants from spurious recombination signals. We found a mosaic virus in which the gene was acquired from one PPV clade and the gene was acquired from a distinct phylogenetic clade. We also described the interclade mosaic structure of the gene of a reference strain. If recombination is an adaptive mechanism over the course of PPV evolution, we would likely observe increasing numbers of chimeric strains over time. However, when the PPV sequences isolated from 1964 to 2011 were analysed, only two chimeric strains were detected. Thus, PPV recombination is an independent event, resulting from close contact between animals housed in high-density conditions.

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2012-12-01
2020-01-21
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