1887

Abstract

Viruses of the genus , carried and transmitted by rodents and insectivores, are the exception in the vector-borne virus family , since viruses of the other genera are transmitted via arthropods. The single-stranded, negative-sense, RNA genome of hantaviruses is trisegmented into small, medium and large (S, M and L) segments. The segments, respectively, encode three structural proteins: nucleocapsid (N) protein, two glycoproteins Gn and Gc and an RNA-dependent RNA-polymerase. The genome segments, encapsidated by the N protein to form ribonucleoproteins, are enclosed inside a lipid envelope that is decorated by spikes composed of Gn and Gc. The virion displays round or pleomorphic morphology with a diameter of roughly 120–160 nm depending on the detection method. This review focuses on the structural components of hantaviruses, their interactions, the mechanisms behind virion assembly and the interactions that maintain virion integrity. We attempt to summarize recent results on the virion structure and to suggest mechanisms on how the assembly is driven. We also compare hantaviruses to other bunyaviruses with known structure.

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2012-08-01
2019-12-08
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