1887

Abstract

To infect , baculovirus virions cross the peritrophic matrix (PM) to reach the midgut epithelium. Insect intestinal mucins (IIMs) are PM proteins that protect the PM and aid passage of the food bolus through the gut. Some baculoviruses, including nucleopolyhedrovirus (MacoNPV-A), encode metalloproteases, known as enhancins, that facilitate infection by degrading IIMs. We examined the interaction between MacoNPV-A enhancin and IIMs both and . inoculation of larvae with MacoNPV-A occlusion bodies (OBs) resulted in the degradation of McIIM4 within 4 h of OB ingestion, while McIIM2 was unaffected. The PM recovered by 8 h post-inoculation. To investigate whether enhancin was responsible for the degradation of IIM, a recombinant multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus expressing MacoNPV enhancin (AcMNPV-enMP2) was constructed. Enhancin was found to be a component of occlusion-derived virions in AcMNPV-enMP2 and MacoNPV-A. In assays, McIIM4 was degraded after MacoNPV-A and AcMNPV-enMP2 treatments. Degradation of McIIM4 was inhibited by EDTA, a metalloprotease inhibitor, indicating that the degradation was due to enhancin activity. Thus, MacoNPV-A enhancin is able to degrade major structural PM proteins, but exhibits target substrate specificity.

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2012-04-01
2019-10-13
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