1887

Abstract

Leukopenia and immunosuppression are characteristic clinical manifestations of classical swine fever and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) are major targets of classical swine fever virus. To investigate proteomic expression changes in swine PBMCs during lethal CSFV infection, proteins of PBMCs from five lethally CSFV-infected pigs were resolved by two-dimensional electrophoresis followed by mass spectrometry. Quantitative intensity analysis revealed that 66 protein spots showed altered expression, 44 of which were identified as 34 unique proteins by MALDI-TOF-MS/MS. Cellular functions of these proteins included cytoskeletal, energy metabolism, protein translation and processing, antioxidative stress, heat shock and blood clotting. Western blot analysis confirmed the upregulation of annexin A1 and downregulation of cofilin. Identification of these changed levels of expression provides an understanding at the molecular level of the response of target cells to CSFV infection and of the pathogenic mechanisms of leukopenia and immunosuppression induced by the virus.

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2010-09-01
2019-11-12
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