Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) causes severe disease in pigs associated with leukopenia, haemorrhage and fever. We show that CSFV infection protects endothelial cells from apoptosis induced by the dsRNA mimic, pIpC, but not from other apoptotic stimuli, FasL or staurosporine. CSFV infection inhibits pIpC-induced caspase activation, mitochondrial membrane potential loss and cytochrome release as well as the pro-apoptotic effects of truncated Bid (tBid) overexpression. The CSFV proteins N and E both contribute to CSFV inhibition of apoptosis. We conclude that CSFV infection can inhibit apoptotic signalling at multiple levels, including at the caspase-8 and the mitochondrial checkpoints. By supporting viral replication, endothelial cells may promote CSFV pathogenesis.


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