Effective disinfectants are of key importance for the safe handling and reprocessing of surgical instruments. This study tested whether new formulations containing SDS, NaOH and 1-propanol (-propanol) are simultaneously active against a broad range of pathogens including bacteria, fungi, non-enveloped viruses and prions. Inactivation and disinfection were examined in suspension and on carriers, using coagulated blood or brain homogenate as an organic contaminant. Coomassie blue staining was used to assess whether the formulations undesirably fixed proteins to rough surfaces. A mixture of 0.2 % SDS and 0.3 % NaOH in 20 % -propanol achieved potent decontamination of steel carriers contaminated with PrP, the biochemical marker for prion infectivity, from 263K scrapie hamsters or from patients with sporadic or variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease. 263K scrapie infectivity on carriers was decreased by ≥5.5 logs. Furthermore, the formulation effectively inactivated poliovirus, hepatitis A virus and caliciviruses (including murine norovirus) in suspension tests. It also yielded significant titre reductions of bacteria (, ; >6 logs), fungi (spores of ; ≥5 logs) and poliovirus (>4 logs) embedded in coagulated blood on carriers. The formulation was not found to fix proteins more than was observed with water as the cleaning reagent. In conclusion, SDS, NaOH and -propanol can synergistically achieve fast, broad-range disinfection.


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