1887

Abstract

RNA silencing is an important defence mechanism against virus infection, and many plant viruses encode RNA silencing suppressors as a counter defence. In this study, we analysed the RNA silencing suppression ability of multiple virus species of the genus . plants exhibiting RNA silencing of a green fluorescent protein (GFP) transgene showed reversal of GFP fluorescence when systemically infected with potexviruses. However, the degree of GFP fluorescence varied among potexviruses. -mediated transient expression assay in leaves demonstrated that the triple gene block protein 1 (TGBp1) encoded by these potexviruses has drastically different levels of silencing suppressor activity, and these differences were directly related to variations in the silencing suppression ability during virus infection. These results suggest that suppressor activities differ even among homologous proteins encoded by viruses of the same genus, and that TGBp1 contributes to the variation in the level of RNA silencing suppression by potexviruses. Moreover, we investigated the effect of TGBp1 encoded by mosaic virus (PlAMV), which exhibited a strong suppressor activity, on the accumulation of microRNA, virus genomic RNA and virus-derived small interfering RNAs.

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2009-04-01
2019-11-18
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