1887

Abstract

A full-length infectious cDNA clone (pJE03-1760F/wt) of a genotype 3 hepatitis E virus (HEV) (strain JE03-1760F) obtained from a faecal specimen was constructed in this study. Upon transfection of the capped transcripts of pJE03-1760F/wt into PLC/PRF/5 cells, the viral RNA levels in the culture supernatant started to increase on day 6 post-transfection (p.t.) and reached 10 copies ml on day 28 p.t. Detection of increasing numbers of cells with ORF2 protein expression by immunofluorescence assay at 5, 7, 11 and 15 days p.t. indicated the spread of HEV infection in cell culture. When the cDNA-derived virus in culture supernatant was inoculated into PLC/PRF/5 or A549 cells, it grew as efficiently as the faeces-derived virus in both cells, reaching 10 copies ml at 30 days post-inoculation. Our reverse genetics system for HEV that is usable in a robust cell-culture system will be useful for elucidation of the mechanism of HEV replication and functional roles of HEV proteins.

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2009-02-01
2019-11-15
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