1887

Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) gene transcription is controlled by viral promoters and enhancers, the activities of which are regulated by a number of cellular factors as well as virally encoded proteins. Negative regulation of HBV -element activities by cellular factors has been reported less widely than their activation. In this study, we report that nuclear factor Prospero-related homeobox protein (Prox1) represses HBV antigen expression and genome replication in cultured hepatocytes. By using reporter-gene analysis, three of the four HBV promoters, namely the enhancer II/core promoter (ENII/Cp), preS1 promoter (Sp1) and enhancer I/X promoter, were identified as targets for Prox1-mediated repression. Mechanistic analysis then revealed that, for ENII/Cp, Prox1 serves as a corepressor of liver receptor homologue 1 (LRH-1) and downregulates LRH-1-mediated activation of ENII/Cp, whereas for Sp1, Prox1 partially represses Sp1 activity by interacting directly with hepatocyte nuclear factor 1. Identification of Prox1 as an HBV repressor will help in the understanding of detailed interactions between viral elements and host cellular factors and may also form the basis for new anti-HBV intervention therapeutics.

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2009-05-01
2019-11-12
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vol. , part 5, pp. 1246 – 1255

Prox1 inhibits HBV antigen expression in Huh7 cells

Prox1 suppresses multiple elements on the HBV genome in Huh7 cells

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