1887

Abstract

The ascovirus 1a (SfAV-1a) is a double-stranded DNA virus that attacks lepidopteran larvae, in which it produces enveloped virions with complex symmetry which have an average diameter of 130 nm and length of 400 nm. Here, we report identification of 21 SfAV-1a-encoded proteins that occur in the virion, as determined by nano-liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. These included a helicase (ORF009), nuclease (ORF075), ATPase (ORF047), serine/threonine-like protein kinase (ORF064), inhibitor of apoptosis-like protein (ORF015), thiol oxidoreductase-like protein (ORF061), CTD phosphatase (ORF109), major capsid protein (ORF041) and a highly basic protein, P64 (ORF048). The latter two were the most abundant. Apart from ascoviruses, the closest orthologues were found in iridoviruses, providing further evidence that ascoviruses evolved from invertebrate iridoviruses. These results establish a foundation for investigating how ascovirus virion proteins interact to form their complex asymmetrical structure, as well as for elucidating the mechanisms involved in SfAV-1a virion morphogenesis.

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2009-02-01
2019-11-21
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