1887

Abstract

The group A rotavirus (RVA) P[14] genotype has been detected sporadically in humans and is thought to be acquired through zoonotic transmission. The present study describes the full-length genome analysis of two G8P[14] and one G10P[14] human RVAs detected in Italy. The strains possessed the typical bovine-like I2-R2-C2-M2-A3/A11-N2-T6-E2-H3 genotype constellation. All the segments of the two G8P[14] RVAs were most closely related to bovine(-like) strains but were relatively distant to each other, suggesting two independent interspecies transmission events. Likewise, the G10P[14] RVA gene segments were most similar to bovine(-like) RVAs but distinct from the G8 strains. The history of these strains probably involved the interspecies transmission of these viruses to humans from an as-yet-unidentified animal host, without evidence of reassortment events involving human RVAs. These results reinforce the potential of animal viruses to cross the host-species barrier, causing disease and increased viral genetic diversity in humans.

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2015-05-01
2019-10-20
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