1887

Abstract

Hepeviruses have been identified in a broad range of animal hosts, including mammals, birds, and fish. In this study, rodents (=91) from seven different species and ten pikas () were collected in Qinghai Province, China. Using transcriptomic sequencing and confirmatory molecular testing, hepeviruses were detected in 27 of 45 (60 %) long-tailed dwarf hamsters () and were undetected in other rodents and pika. The complete genome sequences from 14 representative strains were subsequently obtained, and phylogenetic analyses suggested that they represent a novel species within the genus , which we tentatively designated as Cl-2018QH. The virus was successfully isolated in human hepatoma (Huh-7) and murine fibroblast (17 Cl-1) cell lines, though both exhibited limited replication as assayed by detection of negative-sense RNA intermediates. A129 immunodeficient mice were inoculated with Cl-2018QH and the virus was consistently detected in multiple organs, despite relatively low viral loads. In summary, this study has described a novel rodent hepevirus, which enhances our knowledge of the genetic diversity of rodent hepeviruses and highlights its potential for cross-species transmission.

Funding
This study was supported by the:
  • Taishan Scholar Programme of Shandong Province (Award tsqn202211217)
    • Principle Award Recipient: JuanLi
  • Shandong Province Natural Science Foundation (Award ZR2023MC153)
    • Principle Award Recipient: XuLin
  • Academic Promotion Programme of Shandong First Medical University (Award 2019QL006)
    • Principle Award Recipient: WeifengShi
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/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/jgv.0.001989
2024-05-20
2024-06-19
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