1887

Abstract

The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses recently adopted, and is gradually implementing, a binomial naming format for virus species. Although full Latinization of these names remains optional, a standardized nomenclature based on Latinized binomials has the advantage of comparability with all other biological taxonomies. As a language without living native speakers, Latin is more culturally neutral than many contemporary languages, and words built from Latin roots are already widely used in the language of science across the world. Conversion of established species names to Latinized binomials or creation of Latinized binomials may seem daunting, but the rules for name creation are straightforward and can be implemented in a formulaic manner. Here, we describe approaches, strategies and steps for creating Latinized binomials for virus species without prior knowledge of Latin. We also discuss a novel approach to the automated generation of large batches of novel genus and species names. Importantly, conversion to a binomial format does not affect virus names, many of which are created from local languages.

Funding
This study was supported by the:
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture (Award Hatch Project 1021494)
    • Principle Award Recipient: SeadSabanadzovic
  • Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, Mississippi State University (Award 58-6066-9-033)
    • Principle Award Recipient: SeadSabanadzovic
  • Nemzeti Kutatási Fejlesztési és Innovációs Hivatal (Award NN140356)
    • Principle Award Recipient: BalázsHarrach
  • H2020 European Research Council (Award Consolidator grant 865694)
    • Principle Award Recipient: BasE. Dutilh
  • Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (Award BB/R012490/1)
    • Principle Award Recipient: EvelienM. Adriaenssens
  • Science Foundation Ireland (Award SFI/12/RC/2273_P2 and SFI/14/SP APC/B3032)
    • Principle Award Recipient: StephenR. Stockdale
  • Science Foundation Ireland (Award SFI/12/RC/2273_P2 and SFI/14/SP APC/B3032)
    • Principle Award Recipient: ColinHill
  • Science Foundation Ireland (Award SFI/12/RC/2273_P2 and SFI/14/SP APC/B3032)
    • Principle Award Recipient: LorraineA. Draper
  • Science Foundation Ireland (Award SFI/12/RC/2273_P2 and SFI/14/SP APC/B3032)
    • Principle Award Recipient: JulieCallanan
  • National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (Award HHSN272201800013C)
    • Principle Award Recipient: JensH. Kuhn
  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. This article was made open access via a Publish and Read agreement between the Microbiology Society and the corresponding author’s institution.
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2022-12-02
2024-02-26
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