1887

Abstract

Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), an oncogenic virus, has two life cycle modes: the latent and lytic phases. KSHV lytic reactivation is important for both viral propagation and KSHV-induced tumorigenesis. The KSHV replication and transcription activator (RTA) protein is essential for lytic reactivation. Hesperetin, a citrus polyphenolic flavonoid, has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, hypolipidemic, cardiovascular and anti-tumour effects. However, the effects of hesperetin on KSHV replication and KSHV-induced tumorigenesis have not yet been reported. Here, we report that hesperetin induces apoptotic cell death in BCBL-1 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Hesperetin inhibits KSHV reactivation and reduces the production of progeny virus from KSHV-harbouring cells. We also confirmed that HIF1α promotes the RTA transcriptional activities and lytic cycle-refractory state of KSHV-infected cells. Hesperetin suppresses HIF1α expression to inhibit KSHV lytic reactivation. These results suggest that hesperetin may represent a novel strategy for the treatment of KSHV infection and KSHV-associated lymphomas.

Keyword(s): hesperetin , HIF1α , KSHV , lytic activation and RTA
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/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/jgv.0.001686
2021-11-08
2021-12-04
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