1887

Abstract

Host haplotype status contributes to the development of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in individuals who are acutely infected with the virus. studies revealed that specific amino acid variants at multiple sites on the HCV polyprotein correlate with functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the locus. Thus, SNPs at the locus may select variants that influence virus replication and thereby the outcome of infection. Here, we examine the most significantly -associated amino acid variants that lie in the ‘lambda (L) 2 loop’ of the HCV NS5B RNA polymerase. L2 loop variants were introduced into both sub-genomic replicon and full-length infectious clones of HCV and viral replication was examined in the presence and absence of exogenous IFNλ4. Our data demonstrate that while mutation of the NS5B L2 loop affects replication, individual -associated variants have modest but consistent effects on replication in both the presence and absence of IFNλ4. Given the strong genetic association between these variants and , these data suggest a nuanced effect of each individual position on viral replication, the combined effect of which might mediate resistance to the effects of IFNλ4.

Funding
This study was supported by the:
  • John McLauchlan , Medical Research Council , (Award MC_UU_12014/1)
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/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/jgv.0.001495
2020-09-08
2020-10-20
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