1887

Abstract

The dengue virus (DENV) replication complex is made up of its non-structural (NS) proteins and yet-to-be identified host proteins, but the molecular interactions between these proteins are not fully elucidated. In this work, we sought to uncover the interactions between DENV NS1 and its fellow NS proteins using a yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) approach, and found that domain II of NS1 binds to an N-terminal cytoplasmic fragment of NS4A. Mutations in amino acid residues 41 and 43 in this cytoplasmic region of NS4A disrupted the interaction between NS1 and the NS4A-2K-4B precursor protein. When the NS4A Y41F mutation was introduced into the context of the virus via a DENV2 infectious clone, this mutant virus exhibited impaired viral fitness and decreased infectious virus production. The NS4A Y41F mutant virus triggered a significantly muted transcriptional activation of interferon-stimulated genes compared to wild-type virus that is independent of NS4A’s ability to antagonize type I interferon signalling. Taken together, we have identified a link between DENV NS1 and the cytoplasmic domain in NS4A that is important for its cellular and viral functions.

Keyword(s): flavivirus , NS1 , dengue virus (DENV) and NS4A
Funding
This study was supported by the:
  • , National Medical Research Council (SG) , (Award MOH-OFIRG18may-0006/2019)
  • Subhash G. Vasudevan , National Medical Research Council (SG) , (Award MOH-CBRG/0103/2016)
  • Min Jie Alvin Tan , National Medical Research Council (SG) , (Award MOH-OFYIRG/0006/2016)
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2020-06-26
2020-07-02
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