1887

Abstract

Our previous study showed that the nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) F-like protein Bm14 is intrinsically related to the production of occlusion bodies, occlusion-derived virus (ODV) embedding and virulence in infected larvae. However, the exact mechanism by which Bm14 affects primary infection remains unknown. In this report, we characterized the detailed distribution and topology of Bm14 in occlusion bodies (OBs) and ODVs, and then further investigated the functional role of Bm14 in primary infection. A combination of Western blot and immunoelectron microscopy showed that Bm14 is mainly present on the surface of ODVs within OBs, but rarely in the OB matrix. Further phase separation and topology analysis of Bm14 by selective permeabilization revealed that Bm14 is a type I integral membrane protein with an N-terminus hidden in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen and a C-terminus exposed to the cytosol. assays demonstrated that the disruption of impaired the interactions of ODV with midgut epithelia, resulting in delayed spread in larval tissues. As the essential trigger of primary infection, some infectivity factors (PIFs) were verified to interact with Bm14 via a series of coimmunoprecipitation analyses. Further partially denaturing SDS-PAGE and BN-PAGE assays clearly showed that the deletion of did not affect the formation and presence of the PIF complex. In conclusion, Bm14 functions as a type I integral membrane protein to regulate ODV attachment to the midgut epithelial cells.

Keyword(s): BmNPV , PIFs , primary infection and F-like
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/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/jgv.0.001389
2020-01-31
2020-02-28
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