The family Nimaviridae includes the single species White spot syndrome virus, isolates of which infect a wide range of aquatic crustaceans and cause substantial economic losses. Virions are ellipsoid to bacilliform with a terminal thread-like extension. The circular dsDNA genome is 280–307 kbp with several homologous repeat regions. More than 80 structural and functional proteins have been characterized from 531 ORFs. White spot syndrome is a highly lethal, contagious disease associated with white spot syndrome virus infection of shrimps. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the family Nimaviridae, which is available at www.ictv.global/report/nimaviridae.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Tsai JM, Wang HC, Leu JH, Wang AH, Zhuang Y et al. Identification of the nucleocapsid, tegument, and envelope proteins of the shrimp white spot syndrome virus virion. J Virol 2006; 80:3021–3029 [View Article][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Xie X, Xu L, Yang F. Proteomic analysis of the major envelope and nucleocapsid proteins of white spot syndrome virus. J Virol 2006; 80:10615–10623 [View Article][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Yang F, He J, Lin X, Li Q, Pan D et al. Complete genome sequence of the shrimp white spot bacilliform virus. J Virol 2001; 75:11811–11820 [View Article][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Marks H, Goldbach RW, Vlak JM, van Hulten MC. Genetic variation among isolates of White spot syndrome virus. Arch Virol 2004; 149:673–697 [View Article][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Leu JH, Yang F, Zhang X, Xu X, Kou GH et al. Whispovirus. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 2009; 328:197–227[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error